(CIoTP): Certified Internet of Things Practitioner (Exam ITP-110)

Become proficient in IoT concepts, devices, data analysis, and real-world IoT applications. Enroll now to become a Certified IoT Practitioner!

Level Up Your IT Skills for IoT!

Master in-demand skills for designing, building, & securing Internet of Things (IoT) systems. This course bridges the gap between familiar IT concepts (networks, cloud) and core IoT components (sensors, microcontrollers). Through hands-on labs, you'll build your own IoT device and gain the knowledge to plan, design, and manage entire IoT systems.  Enroll now and unlock the vast potential of IoT!

Course Objectives:

In this course, you will learn how to apply Internet of Things technologies to solve real-world problems.

You will:

  • Construct and program an IoT device.
  • Communicate with an IoT device using wired and wireless connections.
  • Process sensor input and control an actuator on an IoT device.
  • Manage security, privacy, and safety risks on IoT projects.
  • Plan an IoT prototyping and development project. 

Target Student:

This course is designed for IT professionals with baseline skills in computer hardware, software support, and development who want to learn how to design, develop,
implement, operate, and manage Internet of Things devices and related systems. The student is interested in learning more about embedded systems, microcontroller programming, IoT security, and the development life cycle for IoT projects.

While students will gain hands-on experience assembling a prototype IoT device and using software development tools, these activities are closely guided, so previous experience in electronics assembly and programming is not required. This course prepares students for taking the CertNexus Certified Internet of
Things (IoT) Practitioner (Exam ITP110).


To ensure your success in this course you should be an experienced computer user who is comfortable setting up and configuring computers and electronic devices.


Below is the course content, which includes a detailed outline of topics and materials covered in the course. Explore and enhance your knowledge!

Lesson 1: Planning an IoT Implementation

Topic A: Select a General Architecture for an IoT Project Topic

  •  Dawn of a New Day
  •  IoT
  •  IoT Ingredients
  •  Enabling Technologies
  •  IoT Infrastructure
  •  IoT Devices
  •  Example IoT Devices
  •  Case Study: Smart Outlet
  •  Selecting Attributes to Include in an IoT Device
  •  IoT Gateway
  •  Cloud Services
  •  User Interface
  •  Software Stacks
  •  Selecting an IoT Architecture

Topic B: Identify Benefits and Challenges of IoT

  • IoT in Industry
  • Industrial Controllers
  • Industry 4.0
  • Four Ps of Planned Maintenance
  • Identifying Business Benefits of IoT
  • Business Benefits
  • Business Challenges
  • Differences from Traditional IT
  • Technical Challenges
  • Societal Impact
  • Identifying Potential Challenges of IoT

Lesson 2: Constructing and Programming an IoT Device

Topic A: Select and Configure a Processing Unit

  • Microcontrollers
  • Comparison Between Microprocessors and Microcontrollers
  • Common Microcontroller Products
  • FPGAs
  • Selecting Processors for an IoT Project
  • Development Boards and Shields
  • Maker/Hobbyist Platforms
  • OnChip Peripherals
  • I/O
  • Digital Representation of On or Off-State Values
  •  Analog Representation of Continuous Values
  • Analog to Digital Conversion
  • Signal Conditioning
  • Transmission of Digital Values
  • Differential Signaling
  • Digital Sensors
  • Microcontroller I/O Pins
  • Components Used for Digital and Analog Conversion
  • PWM
  • Quadrature Encoder
  • Guidelines for Selecting and Configuring a Microcontroller
  • Case Study: ESP8266 MCU
  • Preparing a Microcontroller for IoT Prototyping

Topic B: Select a Microcontroller Power Source

  • Power Requirements
  • Logic Level Voltage and Power Regulation
  • Voltage, Current, and Resistance
  • Semiconductors
  • Semiconductor Care and Handling
  • USB Power During Development and Testing
  • USB Specifications
  • Power After Deployment
  • Power Grid
  • Conversion Between AC and DC
  • Backup Generators
  • PoE
  • Batteries
  • Lithium Cells
  • Solar Panels
  • Wind Power
  • Water Power
  • Energy Harvesting
  • Power Management
  • Guidelines for Reducing Power Consumption
  • Attaching a Microcontroller to a Power Source

Topic C: Use a Software Development Kit to Program an IoT Device

  •  Embedded Devices vs. General Purpose Computers
  •  Embedded Systems Programming
  •  Development Toolkits
  •  Programming Languages
  •  IoT Operating Systems
  •  RealTime Operations
  •  Embedded Device Operating Systems
  •  Microcontroller Firmware
  •  The Build Process
  •  Debugging
  • Guidelines for Selecting a Software Development Kit
  • Case Study: ESP8266 SDKs
  • Uploading a Program to an IoT Device

Lesson 3: Communicating with an IoT Device

Topic A: Communicate Using Wired Connections

  • Wired Data Communication Standards
  • Industrial Ethernet Standards
  • Industrial Data and Information Management Standards
  • OPC
  • DDS
  • OPCUA vs. DDS
  • Legacy Field Buses
  • Legacy Serial Communication
  • Data Communication During Development and Testing
  • Guidelines for Communication Using Wired Connections
  • Communicating over a Wired Serial Connection

Topic B: Communicate Using Wireless Connections

  • Wireless Communication
  • Near Range Wireless Communication
  • Medium Range Wireless Communication
  • Zigbee
  • Zigbee Topologies
  • ZWave
  • 6LoWPAN and Thread
  • WirelessHART
  • Long Range Wireless Communication
  • Guidelines for Communication Using Wireless Connections
  • Testing WiFi Communication with a Microcontroller
  • Wireless IoT Device Configuration
  • Guidelines for Providing a WiFi Configuration Manager
  • Providing a WiFi Configuration Manager

Topic C: Communicate Using Internet Protocols

  • The Internet Protocol Suite
  • HTTP and HTTPS Web Protocols
  • Send Data with a Request
  • Web Protocols in IoT
  • IP Addressing
  • Encapsulation
  • Connect Different Networks
  • IoT Gateway as a Means to Connect Different Networks
  • Smart Home Hubs
  • Routing and QoS
  • Networking Abstraction
  • SDN
  • Network Function Virtualization
  • Communicating with an IoT Device Using HTTP

Lesson 4: Processing IoT Data

Topic A: Process IoT Device Input and Output

  •  DAQ
  •  Sensors
  •  Multiplexing
  •  Location, Bearing, and Speed Sensors
  •  Proximity Sensors
  • Environment and Weather Sensors
  • Cameras and Imaging Sensors
  • Energy and Force Sensors
  • Chemical Sensors
  • Timer
  • Guidelines for Selecting Sensors
  • Selecting Sensors for IoT Applications
  • Location Awareness
  • Actuators and Other Output Devices
  • Case Study: Analog Light Sensor
  • Reading Analog Sensor Data
  • Case Study: Digital Humidity and Temperature Sensor
  • Reading Digital Sensor Data

Topic B: Process Data in the Cloud

  • Deployment Models
  • Cloud Computing
  • Cloud Service Models
  • Cloud Platforms
  • Virtualization Technologies
  • Guidelines for Evaluating Cloud Platforms
  • IoT Services Performed in the Cloud
  • Device Registry and Management
  • Data Management
  • IoT Data Analytics Tools
  • Components of a RealTime Analytics System
  • AI
  • AI Tools
  • Drawbacks of Centralized Cloud Computing in IoT
  • Where to Perform Processing Tasks
  • Guidelines for IoT Processing and Analytics
  • Planning IoT Processing

Topic C: Provide Machine to machine-to-machine communication

  • Industrial M2M Communication
  • IoT M2M Communication
  • Communication Patterns
  • Messaging Protocols
  • AMQP
  • MQTT
  • Premises Underlying MQTT
  • MQTT Communication Process
  • Message Persistence
  • WebBased Communication
  • WebSocket
  • CoAP
  • Guidelines for M2M Communication
  • Case Study: MQTT
  • Launching and Testing an MQTT Broker
  • Using MQTT to Send Data from an IoT Device
  • Using MQTT to Receive Control Instructions

Lesson 5: Managing Risks on IoT Projects

Topic A: Identify IoT Security and Privacy Risks

  • The Rationale for IoT Security
  • Case Study: Mirai Botnet
  • Fronts of Attack
  • Attack Phases and Techniques
  • The OWASP Top Ten
  • Identifying the Rationale for IoT Security
  • Case Study: Threats to MQTT Messaging
  • Building Security In
  • Identifying Security Problems in an IoT Application

Topic B: Manage IoT Security and Privacy Risks

  • Cybersecurity Strategies
  • CIA Triad
  • AAA
  • Defense in Depth
  • Layered Defenses for Constrained Devices
  • Encryption on Constrained Devices
  • Encoding
  • Data Integrity
  • Blockchain
  • Privacy
  • Privacy by Design
  • Data Anonymization
  • Firmware and Software Countermeasures
  • Case Study: Protecting MQTT Messaging
  • Guidelines to Prevent IoT Vulnerability Defects
  • Protecting Data in Transit
  • Preventing Unauthorized Use of Messaging Services

Topic C: Manage IoT Safety Risks

  • Physical/Loss of Life Accidents
  • Infrastructure Outages
  • Supply Chain Risks
  • IoT Safety Risk Management
  • Identifying Safety Risks and Remediations

Lesson 6: Undertaking an IoT Project

Topic A: Identify Real World Applications for IoT

  • IoT Market Sectors
  • Smart City
  • Industry
  • Buildings
  • Connected Cars
  • Energy and Utilities
  • Health, Medical, and Life Science
  • Supply Chain
  • Agriculture
  • Retail
  • Defense
  • Connected Services
  • Guidelines for Using IoT to Solve Problems
  • Using IoT to Solve Problems

Topic B: Follow the IoT Development Lifecycle

  • Complexity of IoT Projects
  • The IoT Development Lifecycle
  • Return on Investment
  • Focus on Business Goals
  • Cybersecurity Throughout the IoT Lifecycle
  • Guidelines to Prepare for an IoT Initiative
  • Preparing for an IoT Initiative

Appendix A: Mapping Course Content to Certified Internet of Things Practitioner (CIoTP) (Exam ITP-110)

Course-specific Technical Requirements

For this course, you will need one computer for each student and one for the instructor. Each computer will need the following minimum hardware configurations:

  • 1 GHz or faster 32-bit (x86) or 64-bit (x64) processor
  • 2 gigabytes (GB) RAM (32-bit) or 4 GB RAM (64-bit)
  • 20 GB available hard disk space (32-bit) or 24 GB (64-bit)
  • Keyboard and mouse (or other pointing device)
  • 1,024 x 768 or higher resolution monitor
  • Network cards and cabling for local network access
  • Internet access
  • Projection system to display the instructor's computer screen

Please note that this class should not be run on VMs.

Electronics Kit

In this course, the instructor and each student will require a small kit of electronic components that they will use to prototype and program an Internet of Things device. The kit is provided as part of the courseware and has been partially assembled and tested to save time in class. The course was designed around specific components that you can obtain through a variety of sources. If you source the components yourself, be careful to obtain the exact components specified below. Otherwise, you may have to make slight adjustments in the course activities and code.

Components include:

  • NodeMCU ESP8266 CP2102 microcontroller with pre-soldered header pins
  • 400 tie points prototyping breadboard
  • Tinned 24 AWG bus wire to make jumper connections on breadboard
  • Short micro USB 3.0 data cable
  • GL5516 photoresistor
  • 0K-ohm ¼ watt carbon film resistor
  • DHT11 digital humidity and temperature sensor with a three-pin circuit board that includes an onboard resistor and male-to-female DuPont wires to connect to the breadboard


The following software will be used in this course:

  • Windows® 10 (64-bit). This course was successfully keyed on Windows 10. Some activity steps may not key exactly as written if students key on a different version of Windows.
  • If necessary, software for viewing the course slides. (Instructor machine only.)
  • Arduino IDE, available for download from the Windows Store or from https://www.arduino.cc/en/Main/Software
  • Microsoft Message Analyzer, available for download from https://www.microsoft.com/enus/download/details.aspx?id=44226
  • Mosquitto 3.1 MQTT Broker, included in the course data files. 

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